Pet Profile: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

By Valdette Muller| March 22, 2017 | Blog


These dogs are bred to be companions and find their homes in the laps of their owners.

Smaller dogs make up what is known as the “toy” breeds.file_23100_cavalier-king-charles-spaniel-460x290

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the largest of these “toy” breeds and while a fantastic companion pet, this spaniel retains some of the athletic characteristics of their larger spaniel cousins as well.

While these spaniels are a relatively new breed, they come from a long line of spaniels that were often the companions of royalty.

The source of the name, King Charles II, was often seen with at least two spaniels at his heels and even is said to have made a royal decree that spaniels should be allowed in all public places, including the houses of parliament! There is some debate as to whether this decree is still valid.

At a typical size of 6 – 10 Kg and 30 cm tall, these spaniels love long runs, hiking and a good game of fetch!

They are fun loving dogs, so much so that they have the characteristic of having a tail that almost never stops wagging, some are even known to wag their tail while running!

It will take an owner with incredible composure to deny those drooping eyes an extra helping, but you must resist.


Their Personality

spaniel 2Their companionship nature is present in everything they do, from their wagging tail to the fact that they love being around people and will follow their owners everywhere.

This also means that they can be prone to separation anxiety if left home alone.

These spaniels tend to make good playmates for children due to their smaller size, active nature and loving personalities, but adult supervision is required if you have smaller children.

They also tend to get along with other dogs and if introduced at a young enough age, with cats as well. Interactions with other animals, such as birds can be problematic as cavalier spaniels do have a hunting heritage.

They are also more suited as house dogs than as yard dogs (except when it comes to playtime). This nature also means they may not be the best guard dogs, as they simply love people!

Cavalier spaniels crave mental stimulation and love learning new tricks.

Some positive reinforcement such as a snack or a belly rub also helps in this regard. Negative feedback is discouraged, and shouting at them can cause them to hide or sulk, they are a royal breed after all.

As with many house breeds, house training can be problematic, and this can be worsened by their active nature, it is recommended that you keep them on an active schedule which remains consistent.



Cavalier spaniels tend to be quite healthy pets but there are a few conditions that they are prone to including some heart conditions, which occur earlier for spaniels than some other larger dogs.

They have been known to experience episodic seizures and sometimes temporary paralysis. Hip displaysia and dry eye are also known to affect them.

Keeping active is important though because these dogs also love to eat and can quickly put on weight.

Generally, 1 cup of high quality dry dog food, divided into two meals should be more than enough daily sustenance for your spaniel but dietary requirements are specific to individual animals and veterinary advice is recommended when it comes to working out a feeding plan.

It is better to feed them twice at set times to help with their schedule and is preferable to leaving food out the whole day.


Grooming is very importantSH_Spaniel_SJ_01

Daily brushing after meals is also highly recommended.

Cavliers tend to have medium length coats that are silky and sometimes wavy and shed much like other large dogs which means they do not really require much additional hair trimming.

Comb their coats regularly to avoid tangling.

Nail trimming should occur at least once a month to prevent irritability.

It is also good to start grooming early so that your spaniel can become accustomed to the regular schedule and being handled.

Cavalier spaniels bring with them a long line of royal companionship and loyalty, they may just be the next pet for you.

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